The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at] bathspa.ac.uk
Double Basses: Range
N.B. The double bass sounds an octave lower than written. (The range given below is the written range).
The C extension extends the range downwards:
The tuning of the bass obviously affects the range.
The standard tuning is G2, D2, A1, E1, but other tunings are sometimes called for::
Here is a brief history of double bass tuning...:
and some remarks about 19th Century 'solo' tuning: