General remarks about double stops:
3-note chords:
4-note chords:
Pizzicato chords:
3 and 4-note chords are always arpeggiated when played on solo instruments, however chords written for an orchestral section will usually be played divisi:
It is best to avoid writing chords in fast music unless the cellist is an extremely good player and has plenty of time to practise the piece in advance!



The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]