There are normally four strings on a cello, tuned to C2, G2, D3, A3.
Scroll = curved end of the cello
Peg = device for tuning strings (by altering their tension)
Peg box = the frame that holds the pegs
Nut = the ridge on the edge of the peg box that supports the strings
Neck = the extension from the body of the cello that supports the fingerboard
Fingerboard = the wooden surface against which the fingers are pressed f-hole = openings in the body of the cello from which the sound emerges
Bridge = a shaped piece of thin wood supporting the strings and through which sound is transmitted to the body
Tailpiece = anchors the strings
Chin rest = shaped wooden rest
End pin = an extensible spike that makes contact with the floor and supports the weight of the instrument. Usually metal, but sometimes carbon fibre or wood. Tipped with a point, or sometimes black rubber to prevent damage. May be held in place with a ciruclar endpin holder ("sure-stop") or a strap anchored to the chair, to prevent slippage while playing.
Tip = the end point of the bow
Hairs = the stretched horsehair (or other material) which normally makes contact with the strings
Wood = flexible, and usually supports the hairs
Frog = the heel of the bow.
The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around Â£30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at] bathspa.ac.uk