Notes with both dots and slurs, or lines and slurs, vary in interpretation,
but are somewhere between legato and non legato. As the video clips
reveal, interpretations of these markings vary from player to player!
Double & Triple Tonguing
Partial tonguing in groups of two or three (e.g. on syllables ta-ka,
or ta-ka-ka) to give a very rapid articulation. This is possible on
the bass clarinet and clarinet, but not very clear.
A rolled 'r' tonguing. Not all players can do fluttertonguing. Those
that cannot have to 'fake' with a throat flutter that sounds less effective.
The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around Â£30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at] bathspa.ac.uk