General remarks about phrasing:
General remarks about slurring:
General remarks about tonguing:



legato

Legato

Legato is played without tonguing
About legato:
Legato notation:
Clarinet
Bass clarinet

nonlegato

Non Legato

Each individual note is tongued and separated.
About non legato:
Non legato notation:
Clarinet (low register)
Clarinet (high register)

staccato

Staccato

Short and separated notes (all tongued).
About staccato:
Staccato notation:
Clarinet
Bass clarinet

wedge

Staccatissimo

Very short tongued notes. Sometimes notated as staccato notes with the word staccatissimo (or staccatiss.) written above.
About staccatissimo:
Clarinet



legato staccato

Combinations

Notes with both dots and slurs, or lines and slurs, vary in interpretation, but are somewhere between legato and non legato. As the video clips reveal, interpretations of these markings vary from player to player!
Tongued slurring:

tenuto

"Tenuto"

Tenuto (so-called) is really a variation on non legato and is sometimes seen with both lines and dots implying shorter note durations. Means either a stress or sustain, depending on context.
Tenuto:

double and triple tonguing

Double & Triple Tonguing

Partial tonguing in groups of two or three (e.g. on syllables ta-ka, or ta-ka-ka) to give a very rapid articulation. This is possible on the bass clarinet and clarinet, but not very clear.
Double tonguing:

fluttertonguing

Fluttertonguing

A rolled 'r' tonguing. Not all players can do fluttertonguing. Those that cannot have to 'fake' with a throat flutter that sounds less effective.
Fluttertonguing:
Clarinet
Low register
Middle register
High register
Bass Clarinet