The body of the instrument:
The reed:
The history of the clarinet:
The evolution of the modern instruments:
Clarinets in Bb and A:
Clarinet in Eb:
The registers of the clarinet:



Bass Clarinet

The bass clarinet:
Keywork on the bass clarinet:
The low register of the bass clarinet:
Low register keys on the bass clarinet:
The middle register of the bass clarinet:
The top register of the bass clarinet:
Differences between soprano and bass clarinets:
Tuning issues on the bass clarinet:
Tuning with other instruments:
A panshot up the instrument:

The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]