Mark van der Wiel, Clarinet

Articulations (historical differences):
Articulations (line):
Articulations (notation):
Articulations (successful composition):
Articulations (thinking vocally):
Crescendo from nothing:
Extended techniques:
Fast tonguing:
Nonelgato and other markings:
Woodwind writing:

Michael Harris, Bass Clarinet

Development of the instrument:
Double tonguing:
Extremes on the bass clarinet:
Good writing:
Key noise:
Low register:
Mahler's Second Symphony:
Register breaks:
Studying the bass clarinet:
Very quiet sounds:

The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]