There is no need to specify fingerings normally, so the use of alternative
fingerings is generally left to the player. However, in
specific cases notation consists of a verbal instruction
and/or a fingering diagram.
Blowing a very small amount of air into the flute. Although this is
a quiet and somewhat uncontrollable effect, it has more
carrying power than might be supposed. Notate with a verbal instruction.
Intervals smaller than a semitone. Notations vary, but the examples above show a microtonal inflection and a quartertone. Microtones are especially difficult on the piccolo, where the holes are entirely covered by keys. They are mostly produced using lip inflection.
The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at] bathspa.ac.uk