General Description:
Tapping the instrument:
Nasty noises:


There are several possible techniques, but all have limited effectiveness, as follows:

- Hitting the lower strings with the palm of the hand produces a gong-like sound.

- Running fingernails laterally along string makes a (quiet) howling squeak.

- Threading paper through the strings is possible, although indistinguishable from the same effect done on a piano.

- Playing near the mechanism involves standing up, and the sound is not that unusual.

The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]