Metal bars are struck by hammers when the keys are depressed. A damper pedal allows the sound to decay naturally when depressed, and much more rapidly when not depressed.


Celeste range


N.B. celeste sounds an octave higher than written, so sounding range is C4 - E8.


from 'Venus', The Planets Suite, Gustav Holst. harps, glockenspiel and celeste combined.

another excerpt from later in the same piece. Celeste and glock combine.


Also called 'celesta'. Electronic keyboards usually have extremely convincing celeste sounds, and the advantage of amplification to assist balance.


The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]