Also known as reed organs. The player pedals to move the bellows which force air over metal reeds. Knee swells and couplers are available to add strength to the sound. armoniums come in many sizes, some with double keyboards and some with a wide range of stops.


Harmonium range

A typical harmonium range.

The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]