In some scores, the piccolo is placed below the flute (this derives from seniority within the section), but these days highest instrument on top is seen as sensible. The location of the saxophone line varies a great deal. Some scores have saxes between horns and bassoons, others between clarinets and bassoons, which is the solution offered here. This diagram shows single wind, and it is best to give each instrument its own staff. However, if space constraints require it, two instruments of the same type may be combined on a single staff in the score (but not in parts).


The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]