There are considerable online resources for notation. Stanford University has an excellent page of links to many different examples. Don Byrd's pages on extremes of musical notation are also useful. A more basic series of lessons is offered at

Also very useful for the orchestrator are the online fingering guides, for example:

The Woodwind Fingering Guide

Brass Instruments Fingering Charts

Violin Online Fingering Chart

The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]