(plastic or calf) stretched over a copper bowl. Tuning is adjusted
by cranking keys around the rim, or by pedal.
Panshot around timps:
Ranges of individual timps:
Ranges of the timpani set:
A panshot across gauge and pedal:
Action of the gauge:
Pedal action: gliss:
Pedal action: scales:
Pedal action: mechanism:
History of the timp:
Fixed tuned timps:
All about kettledrums:
Skins stretched over metal frames, tunable by rotating the drum. Available sizes/tunings are as follows:
Beaters: any drumsticks or soft beaters.
The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at] bathspa.ac.uk