Small bells suspended concentrically around a pole.
Beater: Hard beaters
Individual notes can be sounded, though these are unpredictable in pitch, but the standard technique is a two-handed glissando.
Orchestral clash cymbals have leather straps through the middle for the hands and measure between 14 and 30 inches in diameter
Clash cymbals have a variety of techniques, including quiet clashes and swishes, produced by rubbing the faces together.
Suspended cymbals come in a large range of sizes and types
Beater: Soft or medium beaters.
An improvisation on cymbals
Hand Cymbals (Chinese)
Jingles or Sleigh Bells
Tam-tams (which are unpitched gongs) come in a range of sizes, from 15cm to 1m in diameter.
The central beater depicted is usual. Tam-tams may also be bowed and scraped carefully with metal objects. Never use xylophone or wooden bass drum beaters on a tam-tam.
Very loud strike
A single rod bent into a triangular shape.
The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at] bathspa.ac.uk