Combinations of instruments from different sections of the orchestra is really the essence of orchestration. Since most orchestral music is the result of such combinations, there is an enormous variety of possibilities which have by no means been exhausted. These pages set out to give some typical examples.

Use the menus above to sample various examples of combination scoring from the Philharmonia's recorded archive.


The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]