The wind section is traditionally known as "woodwind" even though not all the instruments are made of wood. Woodwind usually include flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons and saxophones. The phrases "double-" "triple-" and "quadruple-" woodwind are often used. These refer to the following lineups (saxophones may be added):

Double woodwind
2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons

Triple woodwind
2 flutes + piccolo, 2 oboes + English horn, 2 clarinets + bass clarinet, 2 bassoons + contrabassoon
(N.B. this is the standard lineup for most symphony orchestras)

Quadruple woodwind
3 flutes + piccolo, 3 oboes + English horn, 3 clarinets + bass clarinet, 3 bassoons + contrabassoon

Use the menu above to sample various woodwind scorings from the Philharmonia's recorded archive.


The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]