Alistar Mackie explains...

Basic design and sound production:
Valves on a trumpet:
Trumpets in F (outmoded):
Trumpets in Bb, C, D, Eb and Piccolo:
The harmonic series on a trumpet:
The sound of the piccolo trumpet:
Playing piccolo trumpet:
The range of different trumpets:
High notes on trumpets:

The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at]