Notated with a verbal instruction,
sometimes with a wavy line.
This is normally used as an exaggerated effect, reminiscent
A slide in pitch between notes. Half-valves
in the lower register, and harmonic series or 'lip' glissando
in the upper register.
All trills are possible on the trumpet. The use of lip or valve will depend upon the register.
Tremolo or "Shake"
Tremolos on intervals more than a minor 3rd are possible if they can be played with the same fingering, or with only one finger moving.
An indefinite glissando. This is not a standard
classical technique, as the video clip demonstrates!
A brassy sound. Notated with a verbal
It. produrre suoni metallici)
The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free
resource and will remain so. It still receives
between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits
per month from all over the world. See
Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design.
But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would
really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially
for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000.
If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at] bathspa.ac.uk