pizzicatoPlucking the string, as opposed to bowing (arco). Notated pizz. Players may put the bow down for extended pizzicato passages.
G3 Bb3 Db4 C5 E5 Bb5 B5 G6
snap pizz. (Bartok pizz.)Pulling the string upwards and allowing it to 'snap' sharply against the fingerboard. Notated snap pizz. Often used by Béla Bartók, hence the nickname.
G3 Bb3 Db4 E5 Bb5
left hand pizz
Plucked with left hand rather than bowing hand. Notated with a + over the note. Use with extreme caution. The fingerings need to be very carefully considered.
The Orchestra: A User's Manual is a free resource and will remain so. It still receives between 8,000 and 16,000 unique visits per month from all over the world. See the testimonials. Thanks to all the donations, I have been able to create this responsive re-design. But the movies and sound clips recorded in 2004 do show their age. I would really like to re-record everything and add many more techniques, especially for solo and ensemble writing. I estimate this will cost around £30,000. If you know a source of such funds, please contact me: a.hugill [at] bathspa.ac.uk