THE ORCHESTRA: A USER'S MANUAL

Introduction Orchestration Orchestration Resources Historical Andrew Hugill
  Philharmonia

VIOLIN


Section: Strings
Transposing? No

Construction
Range
Bowing
Plucking
Left Hand
Mute/Harmonics
Chords
Extended
Player's Tips and Tricks

Links

 

Chords

about divisi
about non divisi

NAME
DESCRIPTION
NOTATION
LISTEN/VIEW
COMMENTS
double stop
two strings sounded together
double stop (arco and pizz)
If the double stop is difficult (the left hand span is awkward) a section will play this divisi (notes shared out between instruments). Will work at any dynamic.
triple stop
three strings sounded together
A minor
G major
B minor
A major
A section will normally play a triple stop divisi (i.e. notes shared out between instruments). On a solo instrument, triple stops only work at loud dynamics, otherwise they would be arpeggiated.
quadruple stop
four strings sounded, normally as an arpeggiation or broken chord

A quadruple stop

A typical arpeggiation

quadruple stop, arco
arpeggiated quadruple stop, arco, on a first inversion C-major chord
arpeggiated quadruple stop, arco, on a root position C-major chord

a pizzicato phrase in quadruple stops, played quasi guitar (violin held sideways)

Four-note chords are no problem to a section if played divisi, but if non divisi then great care must be taken with left hand positions.