THE ORCHESTRA: A USER'S MANUAL

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Introduction Orchestration Orchestration Resources Historical Andrew Hugill
  Philharmonia

Construction

Miranda Dale explains the construction of a violin:

There are normally four strings on a violin, tuned to G3, D4, A4, E5

Scroll = curved end of the violin
Peg = device for tuning strings (by altering their tension)
Peg box = the frame that holds the pegs
Nut = the ridge on the edge of the peg box that supports the strings
Neck = the extension from the body of the violin that supports the fingerboard
Fingerboard = the wooden surface against which the fingers are pressed
f-hole = openings in the body of the violin from which the sound emerges
Bridge = a shaped piece of thin wood supporting the strings and through which sound is transmitted to the body
Tailpiece = anchors the strings
Chin rest = shaped wooden rest
End pin = attaches tailpiece to body of instrument

Tip = the end point of the bow
Hairs = the stretched horsehair (or other material) which normally makes contact with the strings
Wood = flexible, and usually supports the hairs
Frog = the heel of the bow