THE ORCHESTRA: A USER'S MANUAL

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Introduction Orchestration Orchestration Resources Historical Andrew Hugill
  Philharmonia

BASSOONS
Section: Woodwind
Transposing? No

Construction
Range
Articulations
Effects
Extended
Player's Tips and Tricks

Links

Effects

NAME
DESCRIPTION
NOTATION
LISTEN/VIEW
COMMENTS
vibrato
undulation in pitch
verbal instruction (con vibrato), sometimes with wavy line if a specific exaggerated effect is required:

vibrato on the bassoon
vibrato on the contra
how vibrato is produced

Vibrato is fully available on the bassoon, but is used sparingly, especialy in chords.
varied fingerings
using different fingerings to change the timbre of a given note
Fingerings may be specified using standard fingering notation
different fingerings It is usual to leave the player to choose the fingering. This is normally done to effect dynamics.
glissando
slide in pitch between notes

available glissandi on the bassoon
glissandi on the contra

Possible on holed notes, but extremely limited on keyed notes. The contrabassoon has entirely covered holes, so embouchure gliss is the only possibility.
molto crescendo
produces a 'reedy' sound as it becomes louder
verbal instruction
reedy sound (molto crescendo)  
mute
a soft object inserted into the end of the bassoon
con sord.
bassoon mute
contra mute
Only effective in the bottom register of the bassoon and extremely rare on the contra.

tremolo
or
"shake"

a trill between two notes more than a tone apart.

(N.B. This shake lasts two beats)
tremolos
tremolos
Most are possible, except for very low on the bassoon. However, shakes over more than a 4th can sound clumsy on a solo instrument.
trills
rapid alternation between two pitches

this shows a minor trill followed by a major trill, indicated by accidentals over the note. If these are not given, players will choose trill type based on musical context. The wavy lines indicating duration of trill are also optional.

trills

trills on the contra
timbral trills

Trills are all possible, except low down on the bassoon and the contra. Timbral trills are also possible.